Many times I need to switch between windows, but instead of opening the folder manually, I was looking for a short-key to open the open window again. Is there a short-key for that? If yes, what is it?
That will depend on the environment you're working on, right?
In the most popular linux desktops you can configure it easily in the keyboard configuration.
Particularly in Gnome (3 and higher) you can go to system-settings > keyboard > shortcuts and set up a custom shortcut with the entry "nautilus" on it, and the combination of your choice. I use
[Super]+E (widows key + e) which, by the way, is the shortcut that open the file explorer on Windows (system in which that key combination works out of the box since XP to 8.1).
in windows [windows key] + E
In Linux, it will depend but you can configure it on the keyboard setting. If you use gnome, then the command to launch the file explorer will be "nautilus"; in Kde "dolphin", etc.
Hope that helped :)
Update based upon comments by OP
You can do this with the mouse. Right click on the direcotry and select Open in new window.
Or, for a short cut with keyboard, CTRL + N
Original answer below
Your question is not clear.
If you want to navigate to an already open Window, then use ALT + TAB
However, if you want a short cut to any specific directory, then I don't think you can but there is possibly a work around to this (depending on your situation it may or may not be feasible).
You can assign global commands to shortcuts. So, create a shortcut to My Documents, and save it to your desktop. Right click on this short cut and select properties. Under the shortcut tab you can type in a letter in the Shortcut key box
For example, I typed G and it shows
Now, I just type CTRL+ALT+G and that directory loads up.
I understood your question, was looking for that same answer... here it is. CTRL + N (duplicate window)